A Comprehensive Guide to Web Hosting Basics

Learn about different types of web hosting services available & their benefits like scalability & reliability with cloud & clustered servers.

A Comprehensive Guide to Web Hosting Basics

Web hosting is a service that allows organizations and individuals to publish a website or web page on the Internet. It is provided by companies that offer the necessary technologies and services for the website or web page to be viewed on the World Wide Web. Having a web hosting service is essential for having a live website on the Internet. It stores website files, which can then be accessed via a web browser.

In this article, you will learn about the basics of web hosting, the benefits of using it, the different types of hosting available, and what to look for when choosing a web hosting company.A web hosting service is a type of Internet hosting service that hosts websites for customers. It offers the necessary facilities for them to create and maintain a site and makes it accessible on the World Wide Web. Companies that provide web hosting services are sometimes referred to as web servers. To host a website on the Internet, a person or company would need their own computer or server.

This is why web hosting services began to be offered to host users' websites on their own servers, without the customer having to own the necessary infrastructure to operate the website.In 1995, companies such as GeoCities, Angelfire and Tripod offered free hosting. The most basic is small-scale web page and file hosting, where files can be uploaded via File Transfer Protocol (FTP) or a web interface. Files are generally delivered to the Web as is or with minimal processing. Many Internet Service Providers (ISPs) offer this service for free to subscribers.Individuals and organizations can also obtain web page hosting from alternative service providers.

The free web hosting service is offered by different companies with limited services, sometimes supported by ads, and often limited compared to paid hosting. Single-page hosting is generally sufficient for personal web pages. Personal website hosting is usually free, advertisement-sponsored, or inexpensive.Business website hosting often has a higher expense depending on the size and type of the site. Many large companies that are not Internet service providers need to be permanently connected to the web to send emails, files, etc.

The company can use the computer as the

host of a website

to provide details of its products and services and facilities for online ordering.The scope of web hosting services varies widely. One's website is placed on the same server as many other sites, from a few sites to hundreds of websites. In general, all domains can share a common set of server resources, such as RAM and CPU. The features available with this type of service can be quite basic and not flexible in terms of software and updates.Resellers often sell shared web hosting, and web companies often have reseller accounts to provide hosting to customers.

Also known as a virtual private server (VPS), it divides server resources into virtual servers, where resources can be allocated in a way that does not directly reflect the underlying hardware. VPS are often allocated resources based on a relationship of one server to many VPS, however, virtualization can be performed for a number of reasons, including the ability to move a VPS container between servers. Users can have root access to their own virtual space.Clients are sometimes responsible for patching and maintaining the server (unmanaged server) or the VPS provider may provide server administration tasks for the client (managed server). Similar to the dedicated web hosting service, but the user owns the colo server; the hosting company provides the physical space occupied by the server and takes care of the server.

This is the most powerful and expensive type of web hosting service. In most cases, the colocation provider can provide little or no support directly for their customer's machine, providing only electrical, Internet access and storage facilities for the server.In most cases, for Colo, the customer would have their own administrator visit the onsite data center to perform any hardware upgrades or changes. Previously, many colocation providers accepted any system configuration for hosting, even those housed in desk-style mini-tower enclosures, but most hosts now require standard rackmount enclosures and system configurations.This is a new type of hosting platform that allows customers powerful, scalable and reliable hosting based on clustered servers with load balancing and utility billing. A website hosted in the cloud can be more reliable than alternatives since other computers in the cloud can compensate when a single piece of hardware goes down.

In addition, local power outages or even natural disasters are less of a problem for sites hosted in the cloud since cloud hosting is decentralized.Cloud hosting also allows providers to charge users only for the resources consumed by them instead of charging them with flat fees or fixed upfront cost of hardware investment. However, lack of centralization can give users less control over where their data is located which could be an issue if they have data security or privacy concerns according to GDPR guidelines.Cloud hosting users can request additional resources on demand only during periods of peak traffic while offloading IT management tasks to cloud hosting service providers. Having multiple servers hosting same content helps in better resource utilization which makes clustered servers an ideal solution for high-availability dedicated hosting or creating scalable web hosting solutions.

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